Massage is considered as one of the oldest and most simple form of medical care. It is a holistic therapy that reduces the heart rate, relaxes muscles, lowers blood pressure, increases blood circulation and lymph flow and increases endorphins (the body's natural painkillers).
Many types of massage are available and they have different purposes. Some forms of massage help to tone up the body while others help to alleviate aches and pains. Some massages aim to relieve stress too.
The functions of the circulatory, lymphatic, muscular, skeletal and nervous systems get improved. It also improves the rate at which the body recovers from any illness. Massage involves holding, causing movement of soft tissue and application of pressure on the body.
Massages are of various types. Some forms of massage help to tone up the body while others help to alleviate aches and pains. Some massages aim to relieve stress too. Each type of massage has its own significance. Few massage types are mentioned below:Deep Tissue Massage:
This massage technique focuses on the deeper layers of muscle tissue. Slow strokes and deep finger pressure are applied on the contracted areas. And, it aims to release the chronic patterns of tension in the body. A deep-tissue massage loosens muscle tissues, releases toxins from muscles and regulates the circulation of blood and oxygen. Many toxins are released in the process and therefore it is important to drink plenty of water after a deep-tissue massage session.
This type of massage is preferred by athletes before and after any athletic events. The purpose of this massage is to prepare the athlete for a better performance. This massage helps to drain away fatigue, reduces muscle tension, promotes flexibility and thus prevents injuries. It leaves the client with a good feeling.
Per Henrik Ling, a Swedish doctor developed Swedish massage in the 17th century. Hence the name, ‘Swedish massage’.
This massage technique includes long strokes, tapping, kneading, vibration (oscillatory movements that vibrate the body), effleurage (gentle gliding strokes with thumbs and fingers), bending and stretching.
The purpose of Swedish massage is to increase the flow of oxygen in the blood. Thus, releasing toxins from the muscles.
Trigger point therapy:
This therapy was developed by Dr. Janet Travell in 1940s.
It is also called as myofascial trigger point therapy. It involves the application of pressure to tender muscle tissue in order to relieve pain.